Art has always been an important part of the human experience. Some of the earliest artefacts left behind by our ancestors were artworks that stood the test of time and proved that we’ve always had an intrinsic fascination with creating something new. Art has evolved countless times over the years and undergone a series of incredible transformations.
These are transformations that changed the very nature of art and even often the artists themselves. With that in mind, these are some of the most influential movements in the art world.
Part of a movement in France during the 19th century, Impressionism saw its origins in people like Claude Monet and Camlille Pissarro, who had grown bored of their studios and decided to find new subjects to recreate, which usually involved landscapes. What sets Impressionism apart from other art movements is the fine brush strokes that are used to try and capture the seasons as well as natural lighting as well as possible.
Later on this would evolve into Post-Impressionism, which was pioneered by artists like Vincent Van Gogh. This movement veered away even further from naturalism and used different forms of colour and light to create the pieces.
While it isn’t as popular as it was a century ago, Cubism nonetheless played an important part of the natural evolution of art. Created by none other than Pablo Picasso in 1907 along with Georges Braque, Cubism was something of a branch of abstraction, while remaining entirely unique.
The subject matter in this kind of art is usually fragmented to a large degree while retaining enough of a shape to be easily distinguishable when compared to other forms of abstract art. Much of the influence for Cubism came from non-Western countries, with a focus on rejecting nature as much as possible. Cubism is very much around to this day, although it’s been relegated to more contemporary pieces of art.
Believed to have originally been founded by Andre Breton, Surrealism didn’t truly take off until the works of the famous Salvador Dali hit the mainstream in the early 1920s. It was a movement that was based somewhat off of the theories of Sigmund Freud, and although much of his work has since been discredited, his new ways of thinking were enough to kick-start an entire art movement.
Surrealists focus on the subconsciousness, including such aspects as imagination and the dreamscape. And although it’s now almost a century old, surrealism continues to remain popular today, especially thanks to the ever-growing contemporary movements that often leave artists wondering where to play in terms of where they’re going to place their next piece.
Modernism started out in the 19th century and saw its conception within the countries of France and Germany.
Emotional expressions and figurative painting were among the primary themes of Modernism, which, in many ways, was the precursors to Impressionism that would follow some decades later. While it isn’t as widely popular, it remains a potent movement that changed art for the better.